Nils Armstrong

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Nils Armstrong

Der Amerikaner Neil Armstrong landete mit der Apollo 11 als erster Mensch auf dem Mond. Wie er vor dem Juli lebte und was nach der Mondlandung. Jahrhunderts tatsächlich von Neil Armstrong stammt. Als der Astronaut am Juli den Mond betritt, sagt er: „Dies ist ein kleiner Schritt für einen Menschen. mark armstrong.

Nils Armstrong Neil Alden Armstrong

Neil Alden Armstrong war ein US-amerikanischer Testpilot und Astronaut. Er war Kommandant von Apollo 11, die mit Buzz Aldrin und Michael Collins zum Mond flog. Am Juli betrat er als erster Mensch den Mond. Neil Alden Armstrong (* 5. August bei Wapakoneta, Ohio; † August in Cincinnati, Ohio) war ein US-amerikanischer Testpilot und Astronaut. Neil Armstrong betrat als erster Mensch den Mond, als Kommandant der Apollo-​ Mission. Es war der Höhepunkt seiner Karriere als Pilot. Das veränderte Leben von Neil Armstrongs Kindern nach der Mondlandung. Rick und Mark Armstrong träumten nicht wie andere Buben davon. Juli im Fernsehen, wie die Amerikaner Neil Armstrong und Buzz Aldrin den Mond betreten und damit Geschichte schreiben. Neil Armstrongs Eltern sind Viola Armstrong, geb. Korspeter, und Stephen. Armstrong. Während Viola Armstrongs Vorfahren alle aus dem Tecklenburger. Land. Der Amerikaner Neil Armstrong landete mit der Apollo 11 als erster Mensch auf dem Mond. Wie er vor dem Juli lebte und was nach der Mondlandung.

Nils Armstrong

Jahrhunderts tatsächlich von Neil Armstrong stammt. Als der Astronaut am Juli den Mond betritt, sagt er: „Dies ist ein kleiner Schritt für einen Menschen. Der Amerikaner Neil Armstrong landete mit der Apollo 11 als erster Mensch auf dem Mond. Wie er vor dem Juli lebte und was nach der Mondlandung. Juli im Fernsehen, wie die Amerikaner Neil Armstrong und Buzz Aldrin den Mond betreten und damit Geschichte schreiben. Nils Armstrong Am Juli betrat Astronaut Neil Armstrong als erster Mensch den Mond. Anlässlich Jubiläums der historischen Mondfahrt. Top-Angebote für Neil Armstrong in Autogramme & -Graphen von Astronauten online entdecken bei eBay. Top Marken | Günstige. Jahrhunderts tatsächlich von Neil Armstrong stammt. Als der Astronaut am Juli den Mond betritt, sagt er: „Dies ist ein kleiner Schritt für einen Menschen. Die amerikanischen Astronauten Edwin Aldrin und Neil Armstrong stellen die amerikanische Flagge auf dem Mond auf. © NASA/dpa. 0. mark armstrong. Da die Mondlandung mitten im Kalten Krieg stattfand, könnte tatsächlich im Vorfeld eifrig daran gearbeitet worden sein, diesen Sieg beim Wettlauf zum Mond auch sprachlich angemessen zu würdigen. Das Gesetz richtete sich gegen Shinobi Naruto damals als Unruhestifter bekannten Armstrongs und war nie aufgehoben worden. Es ist die erste kontrolliert abgebremste Landung auf dem Mond. Juli kletterte der mutige Astronaut aus der Raumfähre und betrat den Mond. Ein Funke hatte die mit reinem Sauerstoff gefüllte Kabine in Senta Berger Alter gesetzt.

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The Story Behind Neil Armstrong and first step on the moon - New Documentary 2015 Retrieved June 8, April 11, The All-American Boys. Certainly appreciate that. She reportedly felt that her husband would have been opposed to taking legal action. Archived from the original on October 16, As Armstrong Gandeon the story, Yeager never tried to talk him out of it and they made a first successful landing on the east side of the lake. Inhe 24 Legacy Season 2 that a human mission to Mars would be easier than the lunar challenge of the s. Ford et James R. August 28,

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Neil Armstrong - Transformation From 1 To 82 Years Old Nils Armstrong Er studiert Luftfahrttechnik, wird erst Kampfflieger und dann Testpilot. Trotz moderner Teleskope gibt es aber noch immer viele Rätsel und ungelöste Geheimnisse. Wer eines Tages als erstes auf dem Mars landet, hat dann sicher eine Armee von Beratern, die helfen, dass alles zu navigieren. Auch bei der Landung Online Filmek.Cc dem Mond waren seine Flugkünste gefragt, da Andrea Anders die Landung aufgrund von technischen Problemen von Hand durchführen musste. Lexyroxx Sperma der Schule baute er leidenschaftlich gern Modellflugzeuge. Galler Tagblatt. Während des Trainings für die Mondlandung entging Armstrong am 6. In: Spacelog. HC Thurgau. Worte, die Geschichte machten. Veranstaltung erfassen. Trotz moderner Teleskope gibt es aber noch immer viele Rätsel und ungelöste Geheimnisse. Marlene von Arx Rick: Nicht sehr Zwei Banditen. Am Mittwoch 5.

Soon after her second birthday, Karen was playing the park and she fell. It gave her bump on the head. When she got home her nose was bleeding and she had a concussion.

She had DIPG. Radiation therapy took a toll on her health. She was brought home and soon after Christmas she passed away. She never complained, according to her mother Janet.

She lived through the last Christmas of life, enjoying it, with utmost joy. Muffie will never be forgotten. When she passed away, Armstrong went back to work.

It was his way of grieving. He did not grieve in public but like every father who loses a child, mourned when alone. Her memories fuelled him in space.

Holloway Jr. Le squadron d'Armstrong a pour mission d'effectuer des attaques au sol [ 15 ]. Cinq jours plus tard, son avion est abattu au cours d'une mission d'attaque au sol [ Note 3 ].

Il ne peut atterrir sans risque car il a perdu un de ses ailerons. Sa candidature est retenue et il y entre en mars Des morceaux de celui-ci endommagent deux autres moteurs.

La mission doit durer 75 heures et le vaisseau doit effectuer 55 orbites. Armstrong impressionna tous les participants en saluant les dignitaires dans leur propre langue.

Vous aviez un paquet de types en train de devenir bleus. Ford et James R. C'est la plus longue distance parcourue durant la mission.

Comme il s'agit d'un bouton poussoir, Aldrin se sert de la pointe d'un stylo pour l'enclencher, et permettre aux deux astronautes de quitter la Lune.

En , Armstrong fut victime d'une crise cardiaque. Armstrong Flight Research Center [ 77 ]. Wikimedia Commons. Menu de navigation Espaces de noms Article Discussion.

Pour les articles homonymes, voir Armstrong. Henarejos, op. Glenn Research Center , sur nasa. Shaw, A.

At p. Armstrong radioed, "Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed. You got a bunch of guys about to turn blue.

We're breathing again. Thanks a lot. The schedule called for the astronauts to sleep before the first moonwalk, but they elected to go outside early because they felt they would not be able to sleep.

In view of a black-and-white television camera transmitting his movements live to Earth, Armstrong descended Eagle's lander and touched his left foot upon the surface at p.

His first words were "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind. Armstrong and Aldrin together explored the surface during a moonwalk that lasted 2 hours and 36 minutes.

They collected The Eagle's crew lifted off safely from the moon on July 21, docked with Columbia, and voyaged back to Earth for a successful ocean landing on July The astronauts went into quarantine to mitigate the unlikely risk that they were carrying some sort of moon germs back with them, and then embarked on a world tour to celebrate the mission.

After his time as an astronaut, Armstrong was deputy associate administrator for aeronautics at NASA headquarters.

He resigned from NASA in From to , he was a professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Cincinnati.

Armstrong also participated in the Rogers Commission, which was a presidential commission tasked to look at the causes and events of the fatal Challenger shuttle explosion of Jan.

Armstrong chose to mostly stay out of the spotlight after leaving NASA, although he did reappear periodically for interviews or for anniversary events concerning Apollo Although his public statements were few, he followed spaceflight news and occasionally made public comments on what was happening.

He remained a vocal supporter of suborbital spaceflight. On the other hand, the former Apollo astronaut was publicly critical of plans to shift crewed spaceflight from NASA to private spacecraft.

On Aug. Complications from the surgery resulted in his death on Aug. Tributes poured in from many public figures, including President Barack Obama, Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney, then-NASA administrator Charles Bolden, Apollo 11 crewmates Aldrin and Collins, and various space representatives in the public, private and nonprofit spheres.

They set out to show the world that the American spirit can see beyond what seems unimaginable — that with enough drive and ingenuity, anything is possible.

A private memorial service for Armstrong was held Aug. Two weeks later, a publicly televised memorial service was held at the National Cathedral in Washington, D.

Armstrong was buried at sea Sept. Armstrong's family was on board when the ship left port in Mayport, Florida, and they released his ashes somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean.

Obama ordered flags around the United States to fly at half-staff on the day of the funeral. In , the Smithsonian Institution revealed that Armstrong had kept aside a cloth bag full of small parts from the lunar module Eagle, which lay undiscovered for decades until his widow, Carol, found it.

While Armstrong made no mention of this bag in decades of interviews, the bag was discussed a few times during the mission.

It is unknown how Armstrong ultimately gained possession of the bag, but it was common during the Apollo years for astronauts to retain souvenirs of their flights.

A month after Armstrong's death, Obama made legal a bill to allow Mercury, Gemini and Apollo astronauts to retain legal title to these mementos.

Former "Mythbusters" host Adam Savage subsequently created a carry bag based on the design of Armstrong's "purse"; the design was actually used in several Apollo missions before and after Apollo In a BBC documentary, Armstrong's brother, Dean, said that he knew of the famous first words on the moon several months before Apollo 11 touched down.

Dean reported that Armstrong passed him a handwritten note as the brothers played a late-night game of Risk, according to British newspaper the Telegraph.

The astronauts chatted with the assembled dignitaries until , when Carpenter went to the airport, and the others returned to the Georgetown Inn, where they each found messages to phone the MSC.

Armstrong and the group spent the rest of the night drinking scotch and discussing what had happened. The first thing Slayton said was, "The guys who are going to fly the first lunar missions are the guys in this room.

To Armstrong it came as no surprise—the room was full of veterans of Project Gemini, the only people who could fly the lunar missions.

Slayton talked about the planned missions and named Armstrong to the backup crew for Apollo 9 , which at that stage was planned as a medium Earth orbit test of the combined lunar module and command and service module.

The crew assignment was officially announced November 20, Doctors diagnosed the problem as a bony growth between his fifth and sixth vertebrae, requiring surgery.

Nicknamed the "Flying Bedsteads", they simulated the Moon's one-sixth gravity using a turbofan engine to support five-sixths of the craft's weight.

Later analysis suggested that if he had ejected half a second later, his parachute would not have opened in time. His only injury was from biting his tongue.

The LLRV was completely destroyed. Aldrin and Armstrong trained for a variety of scenarios that could develop during a real lunar landing.

After thinking it over for a day, Armstrong told Slayton he would stick with Aldrin, as he had no difficulty working with him and thought Lovell deserved his own command.

A press conference on April 14, , gave the design of the LM cabin as the reason for Armstrong's being first; the hatch opened inwards and to the right, making it difficult for the LM pilot, on the right-hand side, to exit first.

At the time of their meeting, the four men did not know about the hatch consideration. The first knowledge of the meeting outside the small group came when Kraft wrote his book.

Slayton added, "Secondly, just on a pure protocol basis, I figured the commander ought to be the first guy out I changed it as soon as I found they had the time line that showed that.

Bob Gilruth approved my decision. The Apollo command module was relatively roomy compared with the Gemini spacecraft. None of the Apollo 11 crew suffered space sickness , as some members of previous crews had.

Armstrong was especially glad about this, as he had been prone to motion sickness as a child and could experience nausea after long periods of aerobatics.

Apollo 11's objective was to land safely on the Moon, rather than to touch down at a precise location.

Three minutes into the lunar descent, Armstrong noted that craters were passing about two seconds too early, which meant the Lunar Module Eagle would probably touch down several miles kilometres beyond the planned landing zone.

The first was a code alarm, and even with their extensive training, neither Armstrong nor Aldrin knew what this code meant.

They promptly received word from CAPCOM Charles Duke in Houston that the alarms were not a concern; the and alarms were caused by executive overflows in the lunar module guidance computer.

In , Aldrin said the overflows were caused by his own counter-checklist choice of leaving the docking radar on during the landing process, causing the computer to process unnecessary radar data.

When it did not have enough time to execute all tasks, the computer dropped the lower-priority ones, triggering the alarms.

Aldrin said he decided to leave the radar on in case an abort was necessary when re-docking with the Apollo command module; he did not realize it would cause the processing overflows.

When Armstrong noticed they were heading toward a landing area that seemed unsafe, he took manual control of the LM and attempted to find a safer area.

This took longer than expected, and longer than most simulations had taken. After a second pause, Duke acknowledged the landing with, "We copy you down, Eagle.

The Eagle has landed. They then returned to the checklist of contingency tasks, should an emergency liftoff become necessary.

We copy you on the ground. You got a bunch of guys about to turn blue. We're breathing again. Thanks a lot.

The flight plan called for a crew rest period before leaving the module, but Armstrong asked for this be moved to earlier in the evening, Houston time.

When he and Aldrin were ready to go outside, Eagle was depressurized, the hatch was opened, and Armstrong made his way down the ladder.

He turned and set his left boot on the lunar surface at UTC July 21, , [] then said, "That's one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind.

Armstrong prepared his famous epigram on his own. Most people don't realize how difficult the mission was. So it didn't seem to me there was much point in thinking of something to say if we'd have to abort landing.

Recordings of Armstrong's transmission do not provide evidence for the indefinite article "a" before "man", though NASA and Armstrong insisted for years that static obscured it.

Armstrong stated he would never make such a mistake, but after repeated listenings to recordings, he eventually conceded he must have dropped the "a".

Hansen , Armstrong's authorized biographer, presented these findings to Armstrong and NASA representatives, who conducted their own analysis.

Omni , June , p. When Armstrong made his proclamation, Voice of America was rebroadcast live by the BBC and many other stations worldwide.

They began their tasks of investigating how easily a person could operate on the lunar surface. Armstrong unveiled a plaque commemorating the flight, and with Aldrin, planted the flag of the United States.

Although Armstrong had wanted the flag to be draped on the flagpole, [] it was decided to use a metal rod to hold it horizontally. He spoke for about a minute, after which Armstrong responded for about thirty seconds.

The mission was planned to the minute, with the majority of photographic tasks performed by Armstrong with the single Hasselblad camera.

After they re-entered the LM, the hatch was closed and sealed. While preparing for liftoff, Armstrong and Aldrin discovered that, in their bulky space suits, they had broken the ignition switch for the ascent engine; using part of a pen, they pushed in the circuit breaker to start the launch sequence.

After being released from an day quarantine to ensure that they had not picked up any infections or diseases from the Moon, the crew was feted across the United States and around the world as part of a day "Giant Leap" tour.

The tour began on August 13, when the three astronauts spoke and rode in ticker-tape parades in their honor in New York and Chicago, with an estimated six million attendees.

Armstrong was the first westerner to see the supersonic Tupolev Tu and was given a tour of the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center , which he described as "a bit Victorian in nature".

Shortly after Apollo 11, Armstrong announced that he did not plan to fly in space again. He took a heavy teaching load, taught core classes, and created two graduate-level classes: aircraft design and experimental flight mechanics.

He was considered a good teacher, and a tough grader. His research activities during this time did not involve his work at NASA, as he did not want to give the appearance of favoritism; he later regretted the decision.

After teaching for eight years, Armstrong resigned in When the university changed from an independent municipal university to a state school, bureaucracy increased.

He did not want to be a part of the faculty collective bargaining group, so he decided to teach half-time.

According to Armstrong, he had the same amount of work but received half his salary. Employees at the university did not know why he left. In , after an explosion aboard Apollo 13 aborted its lunar landing, Armstrong was part of Edgar Cortright 's investigation of the mission.

He produced a detailed chronology of the flight. He determined that a volt thermostat switch in an oxygen tank, which was supposed to have been replaced with a volt version, led to the explosion.

Many NASA managers, including Armstrong, opposed the recommendation, since only the thermostat switch had caused the problem. They lost the argument and the tanks were redesigned.

Armstrong was made vice chairman of the commission, and held private interviews with contacts he had developed over the years to help determine the cause of the disaster.

He helped limit the committee's recommendations to nine, believing that if there were too many, NASA would not act on them.

Armstrong was appointed to a fourteen-member commission by President Reagan to develop a plan for American civilian spaceflight in the 21st century.

Thomas O. Paine , with whom Armstrong had worked during the Apollo program. The group published a book titled Pioneering the Space Frontier: The Report on the National Commission on Space , recommending a permanent lunar base by , and sending people to Mars by The recommendations were largely ignored, overshadowed by the Challenger disaster.

Armstrong and his wife attended the memorial service for the victims of the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster in , at the invitation of President George W.

The first company to successfully approach him was Chrysler , for whom he appeared in advertising starting in January Armstrong thought they had a strong engineering division, and they were in financial difficulty.

In addition to his duties as a spokesman, he also served on the board of directors of several companies. The first company board Armstrong joined was Gates Learjet , chairing their technical committee.

He flew their new and experimental jets and even set a climb and altitude record for business jets. They were interested in nuclear power and wanted to increase the company's technical competence.

He served on the board of Taft Broadcasting , also based in Cincinnati. Armstrong joined Thiokol 's board in , after he was vice-chair of the Rogers Commission; the Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed due to a problem with the Thiokol-manufactured solid rocket boosters.

He served on additional aerospace boards, first United Airlines in , and later Eaton Corporation in He chaired the board through the company's merger with EDO Corporation , until his retirement in In , professional expedition leader Mike Dunn organized a trip to take men he deemed the "greatest explorers" to the North Pole.

They arrived at the Pole on April 6, Armstrong said he was curious to see what it looked like from the ground, as he had seen it only from the Moon.

Armstrong's family described him as a "reluctant American hero". He was a humble person, and that's the way he remained after his lunar flight, as well as before.

Michael Collins said in his book Carrying the Fire that when Armstrong moved to a dairy farm to become a college professor, it was like he "retreated to his castle and pulled up the drawbridge".

Armstrong found this amusing, and said, " Andrew Chaikin says in A Man on the Moon that Armstrong kept a low profile but was not a recluse, citing his participation in interviews, advertisements for Chrysler, and hosting a cable television series.

Armstrong guarded the use of his name, image, and famous quote. When it was launched in , MTV wanted to use his quote in its station identification , with the American flag replaced with the MTV logo, but he refused the use of his voice and likeness.

The lawsuit was settled out of court for an undisclosed sum, which Armstrong donated to Purdue. For many years, he wrote letters congratulating new Eagle Scouts on their accomplishment, but decided to quit the practice in the s because he felt the letters should be written by people who knew the scout.

This contributed to the myth of his reclusiveness. Around , he found out his signatures were being sold online, and that most of them were forgeries, and stopped giving autographs.

Armstrong was approached by groups from both political parties but he declined the offers. He described his political leanings as favoring states' rights and opposing the United States acting as the "world's policeman".

When Armstrong applied at a local Methodist church to lead a Boy Scout troop in the late s, he gave his religious affiliation as " deist ".

Congress in which he thanked them for giving him the opportunity to see some of the grandest views of the Creator. In March , the State Department responded by issuing a message to embassies and consulates in Muslim countries saying that Armstrong "has not converted to Islam".

Part of the confusion arose from the similarity between the names of Armstrong's American residence in Lebanon, Ohio , and the country of Lebanon , which has a majority Muslim population.

He was made the first freeman of the burgh , and happily declared the town his home. Armstrong flew light aircraft for pleasure. He enjoyed gliders and before the moon flight had earned a gold badge with two diamonds from the International Gliding Commission.

Well into his 70s he continued to fly engineless aircraft. While working at his farm near Lebanon, Ohio, in November , Armstrong jumped off the back of his grain truck and his wedding ring was caught in the wheel, tearing off the tip of his left hand's ring finger.

He collected the severed digit and packed it in ice, and surgeons reattached it at the Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky. Armstrong and his first wife, Janet, separated in , [] and divorced in , after 38 years of marriage.

She said little to Armstrong, but two weeks later he called her to ask what she was doing. He lived in Indian Hill, Ohio.

Sizemore, unable to retrieve the hair, donated the proceeds to charity. Armstrong underwent bypass surgery on August 7, , to relieve coronary artery disease.

Armstrong's family released a statement describing him as a "reluctant American hero [who had] served his nation proudly, as a navy fighter pilot, test pilot, and astronaut While we mourn the loss of a very good man, we also celebrate his remarkable life and hope that it serves as an example to young people around the world to work hard to make their dreams come true, to be willing to explore and push the limits, and to selflessly serve a cause greater than themselves.

For those who may ask what they can do to honor Neil, we have a simple request. Honor his example of service, accomplishment and modesty, and the next time you walk outside on a clear night and see the moon smiling down at you, think of Neil Armstrong and give him a wink.

Buzz Aldrin called Armstrong "a true American hero and the best pilot I ever knew", and said he was disappointed that they would not be able to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing together in Bolden, Jr.

A tribute was held for Armstrong on September 13, at Washington National Cathedral , whose Space Window depicts the Apollo 11 mission and holds a sliver of Moon rock amid its stained-glass panels.

In his eulogy, Charles Bolden praised Armstrong's "courage, grace, and humility". Cernan recalled Armstrong's low-fuel approach to the Moon: "When the gauge says empty, we all know there's a gallon or two left in the tank!

Collins led prayers. Armstrong then called on Conrad to solve the problem, which he did, and the mission proceeded. Throughout his lifetime, Armstrong shunned publicity and rarely gave interviews.

Mindful that Armstrong would have objected to a state funeral, his family opted to have a private funeral in Cincinnati. In July , after observations of the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing, The New York Times reported on details of a medical malpractice suit Armstrong's family had filed against Mercy Health—Fairfield Hospital , where he died.

When Armstrong appeared to be recovering from his bypass surgery, nurses removed the wires connected to his temporary pacemaker. He began to bleed internally and his blood pressure dropped.

Doctors took him to the hospital's catheterization laboratory, and only later began operating. Two of the three physicians who reviewed the medical files during the lawsuit called this a serious error, saying surgery should have begun immediately; experts the Times talked to, while qualifying their judgement by noting that they were unable to review the specific records in the case, said that taking a patient in those circumstances to the operating room generally gave them the highest chance of survival.

The hospital, fearing the bad publicity that would result from being accused of negligently causing the death of a revered figure such as Armstrong, agreed to pay as long as the family never spoke about the suit or the settlement.

She reportedly felt that her husband would have been opposed to taking legal action. Robert H. Armstrong and his Apollo 11 crewmates were the recipients of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution.

Hill Lifetime Space Achievement Award. Eisenhower on March 10, , in a ceremony attended by Lovell and Cernan. Purdue University announced in October that its new engineering building would be named Neil Armstrong Hall of Engineering ; [] the building was dedicated on October 27, , during a ceremony at which Armstrong was joined by fourteen other Purdue astronauts.

Armstrong Flight Research Center in Delivered to the Navy on September 23, , it is a modern oceanographic research platform supporting a wide range of activities by academic groups.

Armstrong , was published in For many years, he turned down biography offers from authors such as Stephen Ambrose and James A.

Michener , but agreed to work with James R. Hansen after reading one of Hansen's other biographies.

In July , Armstrong's sons put his collection of memorabilia up for sale, including his Boy Scout cap, and various flags and medals flown on his space missions.

Armstrong donated his papers to Purdue. In a Space Foundation survey, Armstrong was ranked as the 1 most popular space hero; [] and in , Flying magazine ranked him 1 on its list of 51 Heroes of Aviation.

In , he said that a human mission to Mars would be easier than the lunar challenge of the s. In , he made a rare public criticism of the decision to cancel the Ares I launch vehicle and the Constellation Moon landing program.

Armstrong was named the class exemplar for the Class of at the U. Air Force Academy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Neil Armstrong disambiguation. American astronaut; first human to walk on the Moon. Wapakoneta, Ohio , U.

Cincinnati, Ohio , U. Janet Shearon. Carol Knight. Total EVAs. Main article: Gemini 8. Main article: Gemini Main article: Apollo Play media.

See also: Apollo 11—Lunar surface operations. Q: Did you misspeak? A: There isn't any way of knowing. Q: Several sources say you did.

A: I mean, there isn't any way of my knowing. When I listen to the tape, I can't hear the 'a', but that doesn't mean it wasn't there, because that was the fastest VOX ever built.

There was no mike-switch — it was a voice-operated key or VOX. In a helmet you find you lose a lot of syllables. Sometimes a short syllable like 'a' might not be transmitted.

However, when I listen to it, I can't hear it. But the 'a' is implied, so I'm happy if they just put it in parentheses.

The Belfast Telegraph. August 28, Retrieved November 14, CBC News. May 24, Archived from the original on January 7, Retrieved April 8, Archived from the original on April 28, Retrieved May 12, If that date is correct, Neil was still only five when he experienced his first airplane ride, his sixth birthday not coming for ten more days.

The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved September 2, April 11, Archived from the original on January 4, Retrieved February 10, I'd like to say hello to all my fellow Scouts and Scouters at Farragut State Park in Idaho having a National Jamboree there this week; and Apollo 11 would like to send them best wishes".

Capsule communicator Charles Duke replied: "Thank you, Apollo I'm sure that, if they didn't hear that, they'll get the word through the news.

Certainly appreciate that. World Organization of the Scout Movement. Archived from the original on September 4, Retrieved July 27, Retrieved July 5, United States Navy.

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Archived from the original on March 1, Archived from the original on February 1, Retrieved July 24, Apollo 11 Surface Journal. Archived from the original on December 25, That was the time of probe contact; the exact time of landing is difficult to determine, because Armstrong said the landing was "very gentle" and "It was hard to tell when we were on.

September 15, Retrieved November 30, Archived from the original PDF on September 17, Archived from the original on November 8, Retrieved September 19, The Atlantic.

Retrieved July 25, When he tried to match the air-to-ground transcript to an audiovisual recording, he found that the transcript was behind—and that one of the records had to be wrong about the time of Armstrong's first step.

Archived from the original on October 16, Yes, I did think about it. It was not extemporaneous, neither was it planned. It evolved during the conduct of the flight and I decided what the words would be while we were on the lunar surface just prior to leaving the LM.

The Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 1, Archived from the original on July 24, The Times. Retrieved December 31, Archived from the original on September 27, Retrieved August 28, Associated Press.

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Logan, Ohio. September 29, Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.

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Armstrong" Press release. EDO Corporation.

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